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Javascript String indexOf Example | String.prototype.indexOf()

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Javascript String indexOf Example | String.prototype.indexOf() is today’s leading topic. The indexOf() method returns an index within the calling String object of the first occurrence of a specified value, starting the search at fromIndex(). Returns -1 if the value is not found. The javascript string indexOf() method is case sensitive.

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Javascript String indexOf Example

Characters in a string are indexed from left to right. The index of the first character is 0, and the index of the last character of a string called stringName is stringName.length-1. The syntax of Javascript string indexOf() method is following.

string.indexOf(searchvalue, start)

The searchValue is a required field. It is the string that we need to search for.

The start parameter is optional. The default is 0 at which position to start the search in a string.

The indexOf returns the index of the string (0-based) where the searchValue is found for the first time. If the searchValue cannot be found in the string then the function returns -1. The method checks each substring against searchValue using strict equality (===), which means this method is case sensitive.

// app.js

let str = 'Winter is coming';
let position = str.indexOf('coming');

console.log(position);

 

Javascript String indexOf Example | String.prototype.indexOf()

The indexOf method is case sensitive. For example, the following expression returns -1.

// app.js

let str = 'Winter is coming';
let position = str.indexOf('winter');

console.log(position);

Here, we are looking for small-cap winter which is not present in the string. So it will return -1 position.

String indexOf to count occurrences of a letter in a string

We will count the occurrences of a character in a string using the following code.

// app.js

const str = 'Winter is coming';
let count = 0;
let position = str.indexOf('i');

while (position !== -1) {
  count++;
  position = str.indexOf('i', position + 1);
}

console.log(count);

So, in the above code, we have provided one string, and we will count the i character appear in that screen and printing on the console.

 

Javascript String indexOf Example

At last, Javascript String indexOf Example | String.prototype.indexOf() is over.

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