**Diagram**

AttributeError: module ‘tensorflow._api.v2.train’ has no attribute ‘GradientDescentOptimizer’ error typically occurs when you are trying to **“use GradientDescentOptimizer from TensorFlow’s train module, but this class is not available in TensorFlow 2.x under that name and module path.”**

In TensorFlow 2.x, optimizers are generally available in the **tf.keras.optimizers** module instead of **tf.train.**

**How to fix AttributeError: module ‘tensorflow._api.v2.train’ has no attribute ‘GradientDescentOptimizer’**

Here are three ways to fix the error.

- Using tf.keras.optimizers.SGD in TensorFlow 2.x
- Using tf.optimizers.SGD in TensorFlow 2.x
- Using tf.train.GradientDescentOptimize in TensorFlow 1.x

**Solution 1: Using tf.keras.optimizers.SGD in TensorFlow 2.x**

The SGD class has the same functionality as the GradientDescentOptimizer class, but it is implemented in a different way. The SGD class is also more flexible, as it allows you to specify the learning rate, momentum, and other hyperparameters.

```
import tensorflow as tf
optimizer = tf.keras.optimizers.SGD(learning_rate=0.01)
```

**Solution 2: Using tf.optimizers.SGD in TensorFlow 2.x**

This is actually an alias to **tf.keras.optimizers.SGD,** so it’s the same as the first solution.

```
import tensorflow as tf
optimizer = tf.optimizers.SGD(learning_rate=0.01)
```

**Solution 3: Using tf.train.GradientDescentOptimize in TensorFlow 1.x**

In TensorFlow 1.x, you would use the **tf.train.GradientDescentOptimizer** is like so:

```
import tensorflow as tf
optimizer = tf.train.GradientDescentOptimizer(learning_rate=0.01)
```

If you’re running code that was originally written for TensorFlow 1.x, you can try to run it in TensorFlow 2.x using the compatibility mode:

```
import tensorflow.compat.v1 as tf
tf.disable_v2_behavior()
optimizer = tf.train.GradientDescentOptimizer(learning_rate=0.01)
```

However, I recommend updating the code to use the TensorFlow 2.x API for better maintainability and access to new features.

**Related posts**

AttributeError: module ‘tensorflow’ has no attribute ‘log’

AttributeError: module ‘tensorflow’ has no attribute ‘Session’

AttributeError: module ‘tensorflow’ has no attribute ‘GPUOptions’

AttributeError: module ‘tensorflow’ has no attribute ‘gfile’

AttributeError: module ‘tensorflow’ has no attribute ‘reset_default_graph’

AttributeError: Module ‘tensorFlow’ has no attribute ‘set_random_seed’

AttributeError: module ‘tensorflow’ has no attribute ‘test’

AttributeError: module ‘tensorflow’ has no attribute ‘variable_scope’

AttributeError: module ‘tensorflow’ has no attribute ‘layers’

AttributeError: module ‘tensorflow’ has no attribute ‘ConfigProto’

Krunal Lathiya is a seasoned Computer Science expert with over eight years in the tech industry. He boasts deep knowledge in Data Science and Machine Learning. Versed in Python, JavaScript, PHP, R, and Golang. Skilled in frameworks like Angular and React and platforms such as Node.js. His expertise spans both front-end and back-end development. His proficiency in the Python language stands as a testament to his versatility and commitment to the craft.