How to Fix error: invalid command ‘bdist_wheel’

Error: invalid command ‘bdist_wheel’ typically occurs when the wheel package is not installed in the environment or properly set up.

To fix the error in Python, install the “setuptools” and “wheel” libraries.

python3 -m pip install setuptools wheel

After installing the packages, you can use the bdist_wheel command in your setup.py script by adding it to the setup() function.

from setuptools import setup

setup(
  cmdclass={'bdist_wheel': bdist_wheel},
)

Save the file and run the script by calling the python setup.py bdist_wheel command from the command line or terminal.

It must run fine, and if you still face any errors, check out the official documentation of setuptools and wheel.

Causes of the error

  1. The wheel package is not installed
  2. Outdated pip or setuptools
  3. Incorrect environment
  4. Misconfigured build tools

Flowchart

Flowchart of Fixing error: invalid command 'bdist_wheel'

Alternate solutions

Install or Upgrade the Wheel

Run pip install wheel to install the wheelpackage, or pip install –upgrade wheel to upgrade it to the latest version.

Download the wheel package from the Pypi page of the wheel

pip install wheel-0.37.1-py2.py3-none-any.whl
pip3 install wheel-0.37.1-py2.py3-none-any.whl

python -m pip install wheel-0.37.1-py2.py3-none-any.whl
python3 -m pip install wheel-0.37.1-py2.py3-none-any.whl

Importing setuptools in your setup.py file

If the error persists and you have a setup.py file in the root directory of your project, add the following line to it.

setup(
  # rest,
  setup_requires=['wheel']
)

If your error is not fixed, add the following lines at the top of your setup.py file.

import setuptools
from setuptools import setup

# rest of your imports below

Check Your Environment

If you are using a virtual environment, make sure you’ve activated the correct one where all necessary packages are installed.

Further reading

error: failed building wheel for numpy

‘htmlparser’ object has no attribute ‘unescape’

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