JavaScript Array map() Method

JavaScript array map() function is “used to create a new array from calling a function for every array element”. It calls the provided callback function once for each element in the array and order and constructs the new array from the results.

Syntax, index, arr), thisValue)


currentValue: It is a required parameter and the element’s current value.

index: It is an optional parameter and is the current element’s index.

arr: It is an optional parameter. The array object to the current element belongs.

Under the hood, the map function passes three arguments to your callback:

  1. The current item in the array
  2. The array index of the current item
  3. The entire array you called map on

Return value

It returns a new array with each element resulting from the callback function.

Example 1: How to use the array map() method

let numbers = [1, 2, 3];
let squares = => item * item);


In the above example, the numbers array will be traversed and perform the square operation to each item of an array and return a new array with those items filled. So the new array will be the squared items of each element.


Javascript Array Map Example | Tutorial

Example 2: How to use map() over an array of objects

We can also use the map() method to format the object in the array.

let gtu = [
  {enrollnumber: 18, name: 'Shree'}, 
  {enrollnumber: 21, name: 'Krunal'},
  {enrollnumber: 22, name: 'Rushikesh'}

let mappedArrayObj = => { 
  let newObj = {};
  newObj[obj.enrollnumber] =;
  return newObj;


In the above example, we have taken an array of objects. The object has two properties. So we have reformated the new object by creating the first object’s value as a key and the second object’s value as a value.


Javascript Array map() tutorial

Example 3: Accessing an index of an array in a map() method

We can access the index by bypassing the second argument to the callback function.

let no = [1, 3, 4, 5];, i) => console.log(i));

Now, you can access all the indexes of the current item being iterated.

We can define the function separately, pass the value to that function, and get the result.

let no = [1, 3, 4, 5];

const square = (x) => {
 return x*x;

let newArray =, i) => square(item));


In the above example, we have defined the function separately and passed the current item to that function, returning the square of that item.

The Array map() method is a pure function; it is familiar if you have any experience in Redux. It will always return a new array which is the principle of immutability.

Example 4: Calling map() on non-array objects

The map() method reads the length property of this and then accesses each integer index.

const arrayLike = {
  length: 3,
  0: 2,
  1: 3,
  2: 4,

console.log(, (x) => x ** 2));


[ 4, 9, 16 ]

Example 5: Using map() on sparse arrays

In JavaScript, a sparse array is an array in which some elements are missing. In other words, it has gaps.

let sparseArray = [];

sparseArray[0] = 'zero';
sparseArray[100] = 'one hundred';

let newArray = => x * 2);




Example 6: Mapped array contains undefined

When you use map() on an array in JavaScript, it creates a new array with the results of calling a provided function on every element in the calling array. However, if the mapping function returns undefined for an element, the new array will have undefined at that element’s position.

let originalArray = [1, 2, 3, 4, 5];

let newArray = => {
  if (element > 3) {
    return element;



[ undefined, undefined, undefined, 4, 5 ]

Browser compatibility

Chrome Edge Firefox Safari Opera Internet Explorer
Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes 9-11

That’s it.

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