What is NoneType Object in Python

NoneType is a built-in data type in Python that represents the absence of a value. It suggests that a variable or function does not return a value or that a value is None or null. The None keyword is an object, a data type of the class NoneType.

We can assign None to any variable, but we can not create other NoneType objects.

In Python, there is no null keyword, but there is None.

None is the function’s return value that “doesn’t return anything”.

None is often used to represent the absence of a value, as default parameters are not passed to the function. You can not assign a null value to the variable; if you do, it is illegal and will raise a SyntaxError.

data = null


Traceback (most recent call last):
 File "/Users/krunal/Desktop/code/pyt/database/app.py", line 1, in <module>
 data = null
NameError: name 'null' is not defined

Comparing None to anything will always return False except None itself.

  1. None is not a 0.
  2. None is not an empty string.
  3. None is not the same as False.

NoneType is simply the type of the None singleton.



<class 'NoneType'>

To check the variable data type in Python, use the type() method.

If the Python regular expression in the re.search() does not match, it returns the NoneType object.

How to check if a variable is None

To check if a variable is None, use the is operator in Python. With the is operator, use the syntax object is None to return True if the object has the type NoneType and False otherwise.

data = None

if data is None:
  print("It is in fact a None")
  print("No, it is Not None")


It is in fact a None

You can see that the operator returns True because the data is None; hence, if the condition returns True, execute its body, which will print the “It is a None“.

Comparing None with False type

You can compare the None with the False value, but it returns False since False and None are different.

data = None

print(data == False)



The None keyword is also used for matching or identifying whether a specific function returns any value.

TypeError: ‘NoneType’ object is not iterable

For an object to be iterable in Python, it must include a value. A None value is not iterable because it holds no values or objects. This is because none represents the null value in Python.

There is a difference between a None object and an empty iterable. For example, the ‘NoneType’ object is not an iterable error and is not generated if you have any empty list or a string.

Technically, you can prevent the NoneType exception by checking if a value is equal to None using is an operator or == operator before you iterate over that value.

To solve the NoneType error, ensure that any values you try to iterate over should be assigned an iterable object, like a string or a list.


What is the value of a NoneType object?

The value of a NoneType object is None, a keyword in Python that represents the absence of a value.

How to create a NoneType object?

You can create a NoneType object by using the None keyword like this: x = None

Can you perform operations on a NoneType object?

No, you cannot perform any operations on a NoneType object, as it represents the absence of a value. Attempting to perform operations on None will result in a TypeError.

How is NoneType used in Python?

NoneType is used in Python to suggest that a variable or function does not return a value or that a value is None. It can also be used as a default value for function arguments or to initialize variables.

What are the advantages of using NoneType in Python?

The main advantage of using NoneType in Python is that it provides a clear and explicit way to suggest that a value is absent or undefined. It can help make your code more readable and less error-prone, especially when working with complex data structures and function calls.


Python NoneType is a built-in data type representing a value’s absence. It indicates that a variable or function does not return a value or that a value is None.

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