The ravel() function is used for returning a 1D array containing all the elements of the n-dimensional input array. If you want to flatten the array, use the numpy ravel() function.

**np.ravel**

The **np.ravel()** function helps us create multidimensional arrays and derive other mathematical statistics. To flatten an array, use the numpy ravel() function. For example, the **ravel**(array, order = ‘C’) function returns a contiguous flattened array(1D array with all the input-array elements and with the same type as it). A copy is made only if needed.

**Syntax**

numpy.ravel(a, order='C')

**Parameters**

**a:**This parameter depicts the Input array in which the elements are read in the order specified by an order which gets further packed as a 1D array.**order:**The order argument can be either C_contiguous or F_contiguous, where C order operates row-rise on the array, and F order operates the column-wise operations.

**Return Value**

Numpy ravel() function returns the 1D array containing all the elements of input array with shape (a.size ()).

**Examples**

Program to show the working of ravel function.

import numpy as np arr = np.arange(6).reshape(3, 2) print('The original array:') print(arr, "\n") print('After applying ravel function:') print(arr.ravel()) #Maintaining F order print('ravel function in F-style ordering:') print(arr.ravel(order='F')) #K-order preserving the ordering print("\nnumpy.ravel() function in K-style ordering: ", arr.ravel(order='K'))

**Output**

The original array: [[0 1] [2 3] [4 5]] After applying ravel function: [0 1 2 3 4 5] ravel function in F-style ordering: [0 2 4 1 3 5] numpy.ravel() function in K-style ordering: [0 1 2 3 4 5]

**Explanation**

Here, in the above code, the 1st function was used to create a 1D array in which no order was given due to which K type of order was used by default.

2nd function was used to create a 1D array in which F-style ordering was used in which elements are inserted in the array column-wise.

3rd function was used to create a 1D array in which F-style ordering was used in which elements are inserted in the array row-wise.

See the following second code.

import numpy as np arr = np.arange(6).reshape(3, 2) print("Array: \n", arr) # calling the numpy.ravel() function print("\nravel() value: ", arr.ravel()) # ravel() is equivalent to reshape(-1, order=order). print("\nnumpy.ravel() == numpy.reshape(-1)") print("Reshaping array : ", arr.reshape(-1))

**Output**

Array: [[0 1] [2 3] [4 5]] ravel() value: [0 1 2 3 4 5] numpy.ravel() == numpy.reshape(-1) Reshaping array : [0 1 2 3 4 5]

**Explanation**

Here, in the above code, the 1st function was used to create a 1D array in which no order was given due to which K type of order was used by default.

2nd function was used to create a 1D array using reshape function in which (-1) was passed as an argument that behaves equally as of K type order in the ravel function.

**Conclusion**

Numpy ravel() function returns the flattened one-dimensional array. The copy is made only if needed. The returned array will have the same type as that of an input array.