C++ is an object-oriented and general-purpose programming language. C++ is used mostly for system programming, embedded programming, and largely complex systems.
On the other hand, the Golang programming language has a static, strong, and structural typed discipline, and it is open-source. In addition, go supports multiple cross-platform operating systems such as Windows, Linux, MacOS, etc.
What is C++
C++ is a general-purpose language and is widely used nowadays for competitive programming.
C++ has imperative, object-oriented, and generic programming features. Moreover, C++ runs on many platforms like Windows, Linux, Unix, Mac, etc.
What is Go
Go is a procedural programming language.
Gol, also called Golang, was developed in 2007 by Robert Griesemer, Rob Pike, and Ken Thompson @Google and launched in 2009 as an open-source programming language.
Programs are assembled by using the packages in Golang for efficient management of dependencies. Go language also supports the environment adopting patterns alike to dynamic languages.
Let’s see the difference between Go Vs. C++
Difference Between Go Vs. C++
|Golang does not support the class-based declaration, so it does not support multiple inheritance.||C++ allows multiple inheritance because it supports class-based declaration.|
|Go is the procedural and concurrent programming language, and it is efficient at using concurrency.||C++ is an object-oriented programming language, but it is not efficient in concurrent programming.|
|Go does not have classes with constructors and deconstructors.||C++ contains classes with constructors and deconstructors.|
|Go map passed by reference.||C++ map passed as a value.|
|Go is licensed under the BSD license.||C++ is open source 2.0.|
|Golang is static and strong type disciplined language||C++ has a statically typed language.|
|Golang does not have template libraries.||C++ has standard template libraries(STL).|
|Golang does not use header files; instead, they use packages.||C++ uses the header file and does not contain packages.|
|Go does not support implicit type conversion.||C++ supports implicit type conversion.|
|Golang contains pointers but does not contain the arithmetic pointer.||C++ language contains both pointers as well as arithmetic pointers.|
|Golang provides nil for invalid pointers.||C++ provides null or 0 for invalid pointers.|
|Go does not allow direct hardware access.||C++ allows hardware-level access; that is why it is a middle-level language.|
|Great readability is a significant advantage of Go.
||C++ has not good code readability.|
|Go supports environment support features like that of dynamic languages.||C++ supports data hiding, encapsulation, inheritance, and polymorphism and has main core components.|
|Golang uses panic and recovery for resolving the error.||C++ uses the try, catch, and throw for exception handling mechanism.|
|Golang does not have a while or do-while statements.||C++ has while or do-while statements.|
|Golang contains goroutines and channels.||C++ does not contain goroutines and channels.|
|C++ has Namespaces, References, Templates, implicit function overloading, function overriding.||Go has different features like Pointers, Structures, Slice, Range, Maps, Recursion, Functions, Interfaces, Type Embedded, Error Handling, and a fast compilation process.|