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Angular vs React Comparison in 2020: Which is Better and Why

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Angular vs React, which to choose for web development? Well, I have to admit there’s no perfect answer. Instead, I guide them through the pros and cons of each option. Out of all the front end frameworks in the market, the two that have found a place in the list of Top 10 JS Frameworks for 2020 are React and Angular. In this article, we will concentrate on both of them.

Angular and React: A Brief Overview

Angular was released in 2013, whereas Angular 2, also known as Angular, was released in 2016. Here, we are talking about Angular and not AngularJS.

Google supports Angular. Facebook supports React.

Angular uses TypeScript out of the box. Facebook uses Javascript. But you can also use TypeScript in React.

The latest version of Angular right now is Angular 10. The latest version of React is 16.13.1.

The learning curve of Angular is steep because of TypeScript. The learning curve of React is moderate.

Both frameworks are based on component-based architecture.

Both frameworks have relatively small app size.

Angular uses Real DOM while React uses Virtual DOM.

Both frameworks can run on the client as well as serverside.

Angular uses HTML + TypeScript for templating while React uses JSX + JS(ES2015+).

Angular uses the two-way data binding, while React uses the one-way data binding.

What is Angular

Angular is an open-source framework mainly used for creating web apps, single-page web apps, and hybrid apps. Angular is built on TypeScript, developed and maintained by Google.

Angular is a full-fledged toolkit that has everything developers need to build large-scale apps. No wonder it gains popularity: leading businesses, like XboxForbesBMW, and many more, choose Angular over React for front-end development.

Angular allows websites to render quickly and efficiently. It’s an all-in-one framework, with built-in tools for routing, state-management solutions, and form validation. Angular is built on TypeScript, a superset of JavaScript.

Angular is the part of a MEAN stack and is compatible with most used code editors and is considered for creating dynamic websites and web applications.

What is React

Developed and maintained by Facebook, React.js is a popular JavaScript library that focuses on building and rendering components for a web page.

With React.js, everything is inbuilt JavaScript, and I recommend using it with JSX: A JavaScript syntax extension, that “describes what the UI should look like” in your JavaScript code.

Benefits of Angular Framework

Cleaner Code

Angular uses TypeScript language, which is the superset of JavaScript. It compiles to JavaScript, but also ease the process of finding and eliminating the common issues while typing the code.

Material Design-like Interface

Angular offers pre-built material design components such as navigation elements, form controls, pop-ups, layouts, and data tables.

This helps the mobile developers to overcome Google Material Design’s impact on Mobile app design and design the digital product that users need in the long run.

Better Error Handling

Angular offers feature like the upgraded error handling process for @Output in the scenarios where the property is not initialized.

Seamless Updates using Angular CLI

Angular CLI is easy to install and use, newcomer-friendly, offers innovative testing tools, and more straightforward commands and is supported by different engineers and developers, which makes it possible to update even those components having a third-party dependency.

Benefits of React.js Library

Better User Experience

React uses the Virtual DOM: The abstract form of Real DOM. It makes it easier for the React developers to update changes performed by the users in the app without affecting the other parts of the application interface.

This results in building a highly dynamic UI with impeccable user experience.

Time-Saving

In the case of React, the app development companies can reuse their code components at distinct levels at any point in time.

Besides, the components are isolated with each other, and changes in one component does not affect the other component, which makes it easier to manage the updates. This makes the React development more accessible, time-saving, and efficient for developers.

Faster Testing

React extensively, uses the Redux: A State management library, which cut down the hassle of storing and managing the component states in large-sized and complex web applications with enormous dynamic components.

It helps the developers to add an application state in the single object and empower every component of the app to access the application state without involving child components or using a callback or hooks.

This makes it somewhat easier to test the application and log data changes, along with the use of hot reloading and other tools.

Angular vs React: A Comparison

Languages

Angular uses TypeScript. Since TypeScript is very compact, it gets easier to navigate the code and spot the typos. React also now supports TypeScript, but by default, it comes with ES6+.

React is based on the JavaScript ES6+ language, which is combined with the JSX script. JSX is mainly the extension for the syntax that makes the JavaScript code resemble ones that are written in HTML.

Architecture

Both Angular and React have component-based architecture. That means they have cohesive, reusable, and modular components.

But, the React and Angular difference come at the point of tech stack. React architecture, on the other hand, uses the JavaScript while Angular architecture goes with Typescript for web development, which is more compact and error-free.

Componentization

Angular comes with an extraordinarily fixed and complex structure since it is based on three layers: Model, View, and Controller architecture.

React, on the other hand, chooses the different architecture. It allows a simple way of developing component trees. React codes are readable and logically structured. They do not ask the developers to write code in a particular way.

State Management

Angular has currently NgRX and NgXS State management libraries. For handling the state on React, it uses Redux as the solution.

The application uses states in multiple instances. A component describes the UI of the application at any given point in time. The framework then re-renders the complete component UI when the data changes. This is how an application ensures that the data is updated.

Directives

In Angular, the templates are returned with attributes, and the syntax of Angular directive is sophisticated and complex, making it incomprehensible for the nascent developers. 

The logic and templates in React are explained at the end of every component. It enables the readers to understand what the code means even without having to know its syntax.

UI Component

Angular comes with inbuilt Material components, and because of this, the UI configuration becomes extremely fast and straightforward.

Its community develops the React UI tools. There are several paid and free UI components in the React portal.

Toolset

Angular, like React, also uses different code editors like Sublime Text, Web Storm, and Visual Studio Code. The project is set up using the CLI tool called Angular CLI, while the server-side rendering is done through Angular Universal.

React makes the use of multiple code editors like Sublime Text, Atom, and Visual Studio Code. It uses the Create React App tool for bootstrapping the project, while the server-side rendering is done with Next.js framework. For testing the app written in React, calls for multiple tools for different elements.

Popularity

As per Google Trends in 2020, React has more searches than Angular. While people show more interest in Angular due to the availability of ample ready-made solutions, both the technologies are developing, which means both are popular in the market. So for now, the answer to Angular vs React popularity would be equal on both sides.

Learning Curve

Angular has a steep learning curve when compared to React. Angular demands familiarity with different concepts and languages like templates, pipes, dependency injection, RxJS, TypeScript, etc.

React.js allows you to quickly learn and make an app in the React ecosystem if you are good with JavaScript. ReactJS provides multiple useful resources for newcomers to understand the framework and look forward to developing an application, even after frequent updates are rolled out. 

Development Speed and Productivity

Angular provides an enhanced development experience – thanks to its CLI that empowers creating the workspace and design functioning applications swiftly and producing components, routing, guard, and services with one-line commands, inbuilt process to solve widespread problems and clean coding features of TypeScript.

When it comes to React, the development speed and productivity gets affected due to the involvement of third-parties libraries like Redux or React-router-dom. The React developers have to define the right architecture along with the right tools. Besides, the toolkit for React Native mobile apps varies from project to project, implying more time and effort is invested if the project is handed over to new developers for the app update.

DOM (Document Object Model)

Angular uses the real DOM where the whole tree data structure is updated even if the single section of it is changed or altered.

React uses Virtual DOM, which enables app development companies to track and upgrade the changes without affecting the other parts of the DOM tree. Since Virtual DOM is considered faster than real DOM, React has a big advantage over Angular in this context.

What does the Future Hold for Angular and React?

None of the two frameworks will go out of the picture by 2021 or even by 2025.

React has come up with significant changes empowering the React developers to quickly provide feedback on new features, JavaScript syntax improvements, and experimental APIs.

While Angular, on the other hand, has already been witnessing the growth in the usage rate, which will increase significantly when Angular 10 came.

Rest, the answer to which is the best framework or UI library for your app project boils down to your app requirements, complexity, and the experience of the hired app development company.

FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS

1. What is the difference between Angular and React?

There are differences between Angular and React. For example, React operates on only one-way data binding, whereas Angular operates on two-way data binding. Likewise, Angular uses the real DOM while React relies upon the Virtual DOM.

2. Is Angular faster than react?

No, React is faster than Angular since it relies on the Virtual DOM.

3. Is React the best framework?

The answer to this question depends entirely upon what your app needs are. That indicates, React is the best frontend framework to use when you want to design the highly customized app using the variable states – dynamic inputs, active/inactive navigation items, buttons enabled/disabled, a user logs in, and access permissions, etc.

4. What is more popular, React, or Angular?

It is tough to say or choose between React or Angular. While React has more searches, Angular is extremely considered by a team of developers due to the availability of ready-made solutions indicating that both are relevant and popular in the market.

5. Which is easy to learn: Angular or React?

React is far easier to learn. Angular is not easy because of TypeScript and RxJS.

6. Why Is React More Popular Than Angular?

React has a diverse and energetic environment that provides developers with the flexibility to create your applications. This makes it more accessible than Angular.

7. Is Angular still relevant in 2020?

There are many questions around if Angular is still important, if it’s losing popularity, or if it’s dying. 

The truth is, Angular is still very pertinent, and no, it is not dying. Angular 10 has been witnessing a constant market growth at the back of its outstanding competence & performance.

Thanks to the Angular CLI, the development experience has also improved dramatically. Google has also drastically brought down the app size to make the Angular apps run smoothly. All of these are a sign of how relevant it is. 

That is it for Angular vs. React comparison in 2020.

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