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Python Set update() Method Example

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Python set update() is an inbuilt method that is used to add items from the set to another set. For example, if A = {1,2,3} and B = {7,8,9} are two sets and we want to update B from A, we just need to write B.update(A) and the new elements in B will be: {1,2,3,7,8,9}.

Python Set update() Method

Python Set update() method accepts another iterable such as Set, List, String, Dictionary as a parameter and adds the items of these iterable to the calling set. The update() function converts the passed iterable to the set before adding their elements to the calling Set.

Syntax

set1.update(set2)

The method takes a set as an argument and here set1 will be updated with set2.

But we can update a set with another native data type also (like tuple, list, etc), here will need to write the following code snippet.

set_name.update(set(native_datatype_name))

Return Value

The update() method returns None. It just updates the value of the set.

Update a set with another set

See the following code example.

# app.py

# Declaring sets

# Set of North India States
nstate = {'Kashmir', 'Himachal Pradesh', 'Punjab', 'Uttarakhand'}
# Set of South Indian States
sstate = {'Kerala', 'Tamil Nadu', 'Andhra Pradesh', 'Telangana'}

print("North states are: ", nstate)
print("South states are: ", sstate)
# declaring an empty set
country = set()

# Now we will update country with those sets
country.update(nstate)
# Printing values
print("\nStates in country after adding north indian states ", country)
country.update(sstate)
print("States in country after adding north indian states ", country)

Output

North states are:  {'Kashmir', 'Himachal Pradesh', 'Punjab', 'Uttarakhand'}
South states are:  {'Andhra Pradesh', 'Kerala', 'Tamil Nadu', 'Telangana'}

States in country after adding north indian states  {'Kashmir', 'Himachal Pradesh', 'Punjab', 'Uttarakhand'}
States in country after adding north indian states  {'Himachal Pradesh', 'Telangana', 'Andhra Pradesh', 'Punjab', 'Kerala', 'Tamil Nadu', 'Uttarakhand', 'Kashmir'}

In this example, we have first declared two sets containing names of some north Indian states and south Indian states. Then we have declared an empty set named country.

After that, we have first updated the values of the country with a value of north Indian states and then south Indian states.

Update a set with native data type

See the following code.

# Declaring sets

# Name of flowers in a list
flower = ['rose', 'tulip', 'poppy']
# Name of fruits in a tuple
fruits = ('apple', 'banana', 'orange')

print("Flowers are: ", flower)
print("Fruits are: ", fruits)
# declaring new empty set
mix = set()
# Now we will update these values in set mix
mix.update(list(flower))
print("After adding flowers elements in mix are: ", mix)
mix.update(tuple(fruits))
print("After adding fruits elements in mix are: ", mix)

Output

Flowers are:  ['rose', 'tulip', 'poppy']
Fruits are:  ('apple', 'banana', 'orange')
After adding flowers elements in mix are:  {'poppy', 'tulip', 'rose'}
After adding fruits elements in mix are:  {'orange', 'rose', 'poppy', 'banana', 'tulip', 'apple'}

In this example, we have first declared one list of some flowers name, then a tuple of some fruit name. After that, a new empty set named mix is declared. Then we have updated the value of mix with native data type flowers and fruits respectively.

Finally, Python Set update() Method Example is over.

See also

Python Set Union()

Python set symmetric_difference()

Python set remove()

Python set pop()

Python set issuperset()

Python set issubset()

Python set isdisjoint()

Python set intersection_update()

Python set intersection()

Python set discard()

Python set difference_update()

Python set difference()

Python set copy()

Python set clear()

Python set add()

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