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Python Set symmetric_difference() Method Example

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Python set symmetric_difference() is an inbuilt function that returns a new set which is the symmetric difference of two sets. If A = {1,2,3,4,5} and B = {4,5,6,7,8,9} are two sets then the symmetric difference of these two sets is those elements that are present either in Set A or Set B but not in both the sets.

 

Python Set symmetric_difference()

Here, we can see that 4 and 5 are present in both the sets, so values except 4 and 5 are symmetric difference of these sets, shown in the set C.

Python Set symmetric_difference()

The symmetric difference of two sets set1 and set2 is the set of elements that are in either of the sets set1 or set2 but not in both.

Syntax

A.symmetric_difference(B)

Here A is one set and B is another set.

Return Value

This method returns a new set which is the difference between these sets. It returns a set which is the symmetric difference between the two sets.

See the following code example.

# app.py

# Declaring two sets

# Even nums between 2 and 10
set1 = {2, 4, 6, 8, 10}
# Multiple of 3 between 1 to 10
set2 = {3, 6, 9}

# priting both the sets
print("Set1 is: ", set1)
print("Set2 is : ", set2)
# Now we will find symmetric difference of these two sets
print("Symmetric difference of set1 and set2 is: ",
      set1.symmetric_difference(set2))

Output

Set1 is:  {2, 4, 6, 8, 10}
Set2 is :  {9, 3, 6}
Symmetric difference of set1 and set2 is:  {2, 3, 4, 8, 9, 10}

Here, we can see that Set1 contains elements of even numbers from 1 to 10 and Set 2 contains elements of multiple of 3 from 1 to 10.

So, we can see that 6 is the only value which is present in both the sets. So according to the definition, except 6 all the values will be the symmetric difference between these two sets.

Let’s see another working example.

# app.py

list1 = [11, 21, 31]  
list2 = [21, 31, 41]  
list3 = [31, 41, 51]  
  
# Convert list to sets 
set1 = set(list1)  
set2 = set(list2)  
  
# Prints the symmetric difference when   
# set is passed as a parameter  
print(set1.symmetric_difference(set2))  
  
# Prints the symmetric difference when list is  
# passed as a parameter by converting it to a set 
print(set2.symmetric_difference(list3))

Output

python3 app.py
{41, 11}
{51, 21}

We have taken three lists and convert them into sets and check the symmetric difference.

Finally, Python Set symmetric_difference() Method Example is over.

See also

Python set remove()

Python set pop()

Python set issuperset()

Python set issubset()

Python set isdisjoint()

Python set intersection_update()

Python set intersection()

Python set discard()

Python set difference_update()

Python set difference()

Python set copy()

Python set clear()

Python set add()

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