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Python pow() Example | pow() Function In Python Tutorial

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Python pow() Example | pow() Function In Python Tutorial is today’s topic. The pow() method returns x to the power of y. If the third argument (z) is given, it returns x to the power of y modulus z, i.e., pow(x, y) % z. The pow() function returns a value of x to power of y (xy). If the third parameter is present, it returns x to the power of y, modulus z.

Python pow() Example

The pow() function computes a**b. This function first converts its arguments into float and then computes the power.

The syntax of the pow() method is following.

pow(a, b, c)
Parameter Description
a A number, the base
b A number, the exponent
c Optional. A number, the modulus

 

  1. If only two arguments are provided, then a to the power of b is returned. In this case, the arguments can be integers, floats, and complex numbers. The two-argument form of pow(a, b) is equivalent to using the power operator: a**b.
  2. If three arguments are provided, then a to the power b, modulo c is returned. It’s computed more efficiently than using pow(a, b) % c.
  3. If c is present, a and b must be of integer types, and b must be non-negative.

See the following example.

# app.py

data = pow(4, 3)
print(data)

See the output.

➜  pyt python3 app.py
64
➜  pyt

Let’s pass the third parameter and see the output.

# app.py

data = pow(4, 3, 10)
print(data)

So, what is does is first 4*4*4, which is 64 and then 64%10, which is 4. That is why it will give us output 4.

➜  pyt python3 app.py
4
➜  pyt

#Python pow() with floats

See the following code example of floats.

# app.py

print(pow(11, 2.0))

print(pow(21.0, 2))

See the output.

➜  pyt python3 app.py
121.0
441.0
➜  pyt

#Python pow() with different format integers

See the following code example.

# app.py

print(pow(0b11, 2)) 
print(pow(0b11, 2, 2))

print(pow(0o11, 2))
print(pow(0o11, 3, 2))

print(pow(0xF, 2))
print(pow(0xF, 3, 2))

See the following output.

➜  pyt python3 app.py
9
1
81
1
225
1
➜  pyt

#pow() with complex numbers

See the following code.

# app.py

print(pow(11 + 21j, 2))

See the output.

➜  pyt python3 app.py
(-320+462j)
➜  pyt

#pow() vs math.pow()

Python math module also has the pow() function, but the built-in function is more powerful because we can perform the modulo operation too after power.

Also, we don’t need to import the math module for a single functionality.

So, it is preferable to use Python built-in pow() function and not the math.pow() function.

The math.pow() always returns float values. So if you, for some reason, want to make sure you get float as a result back, then math.pow() will provide that benefit to the user.

Finally, Python pow() Example | pow() Function In Python Tutorial is over.

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