Python input: How to Get Input From User in Python
Developers often have a need to interact with users, either to get data or to provide some sort of result. Most programs today use a dialog box as a way of asking the user to provide some type of input. You can take input and assign it to the variable. It is done using the = operator before the input keyword and then putting the variable name before the = operator.
To get user input from the user in Python, use the input() method. The input() method reads a line from input, converts into a string, and returns it. The input() function allows user input. If we want to capture the input in the program, we will need a variable. The variable is a container to hold data.
The syntax for the input() method is the following.
The input() method takes a prompt as an optional argument. The prompt String, representing a default message before the input. If EOF is read, it raises an EOFError exception.
One thing to that, if you are using Python 2.x then you have to write:
x = raw_input()
raw_input( ) : This function works in older version (like Python 2.x). This function takes exactly what is typed from the keyboard, convert it to string and then return it to the variable in which we want to store.
See the following example. We are using Python 3.0 so we only need the input() function.
# app.py surname = input('What is your surname? ') print('Your surname is: ',surname)
The output of the method is following.
Let’s see the following example.
# app.py inputString = input() print('The inputted string is:', inputString)
See the output below.
The above example is not right in the sense of User Experience. It is often the right idea to tell the user what to input.
We can do this by putting the hint in quotes inside the input parentheses. That hint will come in the next line and will wait for the user to input.
Then, the user can then type the input, and when you hit the ENTER key, it will capture the input.
Finally, Python input() function example is over.