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Javascript Object Destructuring Example Tutorial

Destructuring assignment is the particular syntax of ES6 that allows us to “unpack” arrays or objects into a bunch of variables. The two most popular data structures in JavaScript are Objects and Arrays. Objects allow us to combine many pieces of information into the single entity and arrays will enable us to store ordered collections.

Destructuring also works excellent with complex functions that have a lot of parameters, default values.

Javascript Object Destructuring

Using the destructuring syntax, you can extract just some values and put them into named variables.

The following two parts are involved in destructuring:

  • Destructuring source: the data to be destructured. For example, a right-hand side of a destructuring assignment.
  • Destructuring target: a pattern used for destructuring. For example, a left-hand side of a destructuring assignment.

Let us see the example of Object Destructuring in ES6.

// app.js

const Student = {
	firstName: 'Krunal',
	lastName: 'Lathiya',
	university: 'GTU',
	enrollno: 110470116021
const { firstName, lastName, university, enrollno } = Student;

First, we have defined the object, and then we destructure that object into four different variables.

Then we have logged that four different variables.

Javascript Object Destructuring Example | ES6 Tutorial

It is called ‘destructuring assignment’ because of it ‘destructurizes’ by copying items into variables.

It does not destroy the object. We can still log that object. It does not modify. It stays the same.


Javascript Object Destructuring Example

Basic assignment

// app.js

const o = {p: 21, q: true};
const {p, q} = o;

console.log(p); // 21
console.log(q); // true

Assignment without declaration

The variable can be assigned its value with destructuring separate from its declaration.

// app.js

let a, b;
({a, b} = {a: 1, b: 2});
console.log(a); // 1
console.log(b); // 2

Array Destructuring in Javascript

Let us define an array and then restructure it into individual variables.

// app.js

const pupil = ['krunal', 'lathiya', 'GTU'];
const [krunal, lathiya, university] = pupil;



Array Destructuring in Javascript

Ignore some array items

We can ignore some array items while destructuring an array. Let us see the example below.

// app.js

const pupil = ['krunal', 'lathiya', 'GTU'];
const [, lathiya, ] = pupil;


In the above example, we have only destructured the lathiya variable. Other two put empty. Unwanted elements of the array can also be thrown away via an extra comma. In the code above, although the first and third element of the array is skipped, the second item is assigned to lathiya, and the rest are also skipped.

Works with any iterable on the right-side

We can use Destructuring with any iterable, not only arrays or objects. Let see the below example of a string.

// app.js

const data = 'AppDividend';
const [w, e, b, s, i, t, c, o, m, k, l] = data;

console.log(w, e, b, s, i, t, c, o, m, k, l);

So, one letter of the string becomes one variable on the left side.

See the output.

ES6 Tutorial With Example

Finally, Javascript Object Destructuring Example is over.

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